Science

Teaching
Research

Teaching

Public Lectures

  • January 2018
    TU Braunschweig University Lecture
    Will Laufs was invited to lecture at TU Braunschweig University in Germany about our advances in 3D printed connections with structural load-carrying capacity.
  • July 2016
    Boston: GlassCon Global Conference
    Speaker
  • July 2014
    Boston: GlassCon Global Conference
    Speaker
  • October 2012
    Chicago: FACADE + INNOVATION
    http://facade.archpaper.com/chi2012/
  • April 2014
    New York City: Facades Plus Conference
    Moderator, materials panel
  • August 2013
    Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects
    Innovative molded facades
  • April 2013
    Harvard Graduate School of Design
    Structural typologies

Engineering Course

Will Laufs teaches a course titled “The Buckling of Structures” to Engineering Masters students at Columbia University, the Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied Sciences.

Course Outline

CIEN E4213 — Buckling of Structures

  1. Introduction of Buckling
  2. Euler Cases – part 1 (Beams)
  3. Euler Cases – part 2 (Frames)
  4. Euler Cases – part 3 (Wired Systems)
  5. Stability Theory for Structures

Engineering for Architects

Architectural Technology 3 — Advanced Structures

Each fall Will Laufs teaches a course titled “Advanced Structures” to Architecture Masters students at Columbia University, Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation. The course is outlined below.

Course Outline

A4113 — Architectural Technology III

  1. Introduction to Advanced Structures
  2. Loading, Force Flow
  3. Stresses, Deflections
  4. Bending – Beam, Slab, Cantilever
  5. Vertical Elements – Columns, Walls, Foundation
  6. Lateral Systems – Bracing, Frame, Diaphragm
  7. Folding
  8. Formfinding – Membranes, Fabric Structures
  9. Pneumatic Bubbles
  10. Cables, Tensegrity Systems
  11. Shell Structures, Arches, Domes

Research

SPINS | Structurally Printed Insulating Nodes System

Most building façades require metal parts to hold structural loads on the outside, so they transfer too much summer heat or winter loss, known as problematic “thermal bridging”. We aim to use innovative highly insulating structural 3D printed parts instead, with much-reduced CO2 footprint! High-strength integrated Carbon/Kevlar/Glass fibers give free-form pieces provide high-durability and long-term strength. The parts are directly designed via BIM modeling & Digital Fabrication approach.

We want to reduce energy loss due to building facades caused by thermal bridges, usually made of metals with high thermal conductivity (50 W/mK for steel and 250 W/mK for aluminum). Metal details with high-strength capacity are currently used to transfer forces from outside to inside, also metals can be machined to fit complex façade geometries, but this construction method must be improved.

Conventional plastics have much lower, beneficial thermal conductivity  (<1 W/mK), however such materials were not strong & durable enough over time to carry building elements such as balconies, shading, rain-screen and other load (wind & snow) in the past.

Recently, 3D structural printing has become market-ready, where the printer is BIM-fed any 3D geometry file that now also is reinforced with strong durable fibers (carbon/glass/kevlar fibers). We own such printers in Berlin and New York and have started to perform promising systematic load tests at HTW Berlin already. We want to 3D-print thermal bridging façade parts!

 

 

Biomimicry – Adaptive Dome Grid-Shell Structure

Phyllotaxis – the formally growth pattern of leaves – will follow a spiralling pattern in certain specimen. Our research is focused on studying and producing dome structures that follow the logic of these geometric governing rules. Efficiency governs a plant’s form: leaves are laid out to maximize photosynthesis: they steadily grow in a Fermat’s spiral with Fibonacci numbering. Guided by these principles, we are primarily focused on producing dome structures in urban environments that use these growth patterns to mediate and adapt between buildings to create new environments. We address issues of construction logistics for packaging and fabrication, performing material research in metal, wood, or polycarbonate ribs to support line weight EFTE cushions to make a membrane that brings light into these spaces.

 

 

 

Publications